Suffering a traumatic brain injury (TBI) can be a devastating experience for anyone. When trauma to the head is sustained due to a motorcycle accident, a fall, an explosion, or any other common cause of traumatic brain injury, the effects can be far-reaching and extremely difficult to cope with.
Types of Traumatic Brain Injury
The degree of severity of TBI varies widely. Mild cases of TBI may result in a temporary and brief loss of memory, loss of consciousness, confusion, irritability, headaches, sleepiness, visual and/or auditory impairment, fatigue, or nausea. More severe cases have longer-term effects, and may result in permanent changes in the victim’s motor and cognitive functions, as well as their personality.
Some common types of TBI include:
How long do the effects last?
In most cases, the effects of TBI clear up on their own with minimal medical intervention over a short period. In others, however, the effects can linger, leading to anger, depression and frustration. It can significantly affect a person’s work, health, family, and social life. If left untreated, moderate to severe TBI can lead to a gradually worsening medical situation for the patient.
This is especially true if the injury is a result of the negligence or carelessness of the person or persons who caused the accident. For some sufferers of TBI, finding constructive ways to deal with this type of tragic situation can be extremely frustrating. Fortunately, pursuing legal action against those responsible for an injury can help to provide financial relief for many of the problems caused by TBI.
Personal injury attorneys would know about comparative negligence, and joint liability, and the laws governing personal injury claims. The lawyer will also be able to tell if a particular case merits filing a case for TBI.
Cerebral palsy is a birth injury that most frequently affects newborns and young children in the first few years of their life. Until the early 80s it was held that cerebral palsy in infants was the result of asphyxia or oxygen deprivation during birth; however, studies have shown that brain damage can occur even during the first 6 months of pregnancy due to any of the following reasons:
Abnormal development of the brain – caused by infections, viruses, disturbance to the head of the unborn baby, or changes in the genes that are responsible for the development of the brain
Periventricular leukomalacia (PVL) – these are factors that either affect the mother, like extremely low blood pressure and infections (like German measles), or are caused by the mother herself due to use of illegal drugs while pregnant
Intracranial hemorrhage – a brain hemorrhage (in the baby) due to stroke
Besides its possible development during the mother’s pregnancy, though, this brain disorder that affects balance, movement and body posture can also be caused by careless or negligent actions on the behalf of medical professionals.
According to the website of the Law Office of Paul Levin, edical malpractice is often recognized as the cause of cerebral palsy. Though often unintentional, doctors and other medical practitioners can be held totally liable for failing to provide proper care for the pregnant mother or child during and after his or her birth. Unfortunately, in many cases, this proper care could have likely prevented the disease from developing. Some of the most common medical malpractices that result in cerebral palsy are:
Understanding whether these or other negligent acts were at fault for a child’s cerebral palsy can be difficult, but many professionals, such as another doctor or a cerebral palsy attorney can help a person assess the situation and understand who is at fault.
There are some no-medical causes of prolonged or severe loss of oxygen in a child’s brain that cause cerebral palsy, including vehicular accidents, near drowning, serious head injury, and child abuse. In these cases, another party may also be at fault for the child’s development of this disorder and can potentially be held liable.
You often hear that as a result of an accident, the victim suffered a concussion. Few realize how serious a concussion can be because it is often depicted as something most people walk away from. A concussion can have lasting cognitive and physical consequences that often result in financial hardship.
The word concussion is derived from the Latin term “to shake violently” and usually occurs when the head is subjected to a sudden bump or blow. The brain sometimes actually moves within the brain pan, causing mild to serious injury. According to the website of Joe Miller Law, Ltd, one of the most common causes of this injury is vehicular accidents.
Consequences of Concussions
While a concussion is considered the least serious of brain injuries, any injury to such a delicate structure is never good. At the very least, the victim of a concussion may lose cognitive functions temporarily. Vision may become impaired, and confusion, headaches, nausea, and dizziness are common. In some cases, the effects of a concussion may persist for weeks, impairing a person’s ability to function normally.
For young children, whose heads are proportionately larger, concussion is often more serious. Out of a million children who suffer concussion every year, about 30,000 become permanently disabled in some way.
Treatment Protocol for Concussions
In most cases, a mild to moderate concussion will resolve in a few minutes to a few days. Nevertheless, suspected concussion should be referred for medical attention and observation. If the patient loses consciousness, this is a sign of a serious concussion, and may require tests to be done such as a CT scan or MRI to look for bleeding of the brain. In some cases, hospitalization is required.
Never discount the potential problems that may arise from a concussion. Seek medical attention immediately after an accident if there is evidence of head injury. If your injury was caused by another person’s actions, you may have cause to seek compensation with the help of an experienced team of personal injury lawyers.