Following 2003′s Smoke-Free Air Act, which banned smoking in workplaces, bars, and restaurants, New York City mayor Michael Bloomberg has proposed a new plan that he hopes will further reduce smoking in the city.
Bloomberg’s proposal, which he put forth to the city council this week, would make it illegal for stores to have cigarettes on display. Vendors will still be allowed to carry and sell cigarettes, but they will have to be hidden from sight.
Since the 2003 smoking ban became law, adult smoking is down 6.7 percent. The idea behind the new proposal is to reduce impulse cigarette purchases, especially among younger individuals, further reducing the amount of people who smoke.
More than 7,000 people die of smoking-related illnesses every year in New York City alone. Hopefully this new proposal can have a hand in reducing the number of smoking deaths that occur in the city.
Cerebral palsy is a birth injury that most frequently affects newborns and young children in the first few years of their life. Until the early 80s it was held that cerebral palsy in infants was the result of asphyxia or oxygen deprivation during birth; however, studies have shown that brain damage can occur even during the first 6 months of pregnancy due to any of the following reasons:
Abnormal development of the brain – caused by infections, viruses, disturbance to the head of the unborn baby, or changes in the genes that are responsible for the development of the brain
Periventricular leukomalacia (PVL) – these are factors that either affect the mother, like extremely low blood pressure and infections (like German measles), or are caused by the mother herself due to use of illegal drugs while pregnant
Intracranial hemorrhage – a brain hemorrhage (in the baby) due to stroke
Besides its possible development during the mother’s pregnancy, though, this brain disorder that affects balance, movement and body posture can also be caused by careless or negligent actions on the behalf of medical professionals.
According to the website of the Law Office of Paul Levin, edical malpractice is often recognized as the cause of cerebral palsy. Though often unintentional, doctors and other medical practitioners can be held totally liable for failing to provide proper care for the pregnant mother or child during and after his or her birth. Unfortunately, in many cases, this proper care could have likely prevented the disease from developing. Some of the most common medical malpractices that result in cerebral palsy are:
Understanding whether these or other negligent acts were at fault for a child’s cerebral palsy can be difficult, but many professionals, such as another doctor or a cerebral palsy attorney can help a person assess the situation and understand who is at fault.
There are some no-medical causes of prolonged or severe loss of oxygen in a child’s brain that cause cerebral palsy, including vehicular accidents, near drowning, serious head injury, and child abuse. In these cases, another party may also be at fault for the child’s development of this disorder and can potentially be held liable.
People who have been diagnosed with kidney failure must seek treatment or otherwise face rapidly declining health and potential death. Although one option is to get a kidney transplant, this can be very difficult to do, not to mention prohibitively expensive. As such, many people are unable to pursue this path of treatment, but instead choose dialysis as a way to better maintain their health in the face of kidney failure.
There are a number of different types of dialysis, but the most commonly used one is hemodialysis. Hemodialysis is the filtering of a person’s blood through a machine, during which the blood is treated with a variety of substances, to rid it of harmful and excess products that it can no longer filter out itself. Depending on a person’s situation, they may have a buildup of harmful acids. In this case a patient will need a substance that neutralizes these acids. Many people in this situation, therefore, had GranuFlo, a dry acid concentrate, used in their dialysis procedures. GranuFlo, a product designed by Fresenius, was designed to neutralize harmful acids by converting to bicarbonates; however, it contained too much of this substance, causing a harmful buildup of bicarbonates instead.
As a result of the excessive level of bicarbonates in a person’s system, many patients found themselves suffering from serious health and heart problems, such as the following:
Because of the serious consequences these repercussions of using GranuFlo can have and the duty to its consumers of providing a safe product that Fresenius had, many people have made the decision to pursue a GranuFlo lawsuit in an effort to hold this product manufacturer responsible and get much-needed compensation for their suffering. Currently, the company is facing a number of lawsuits, particularly from families who have lost loved ones due to their negligence.
You often hear that as a result of an accident, the victim suffered a concussion. Few realize how serious a concussion can be because it is often depicted as something most people walk away from. A concussion can have lasting cognitive and physical consequences that often result in financial hardship.
The word concussion is derived from the Latin term “to shake violently” and usually occurs when the head is subjected to a sudden bump or blow. The brain sometimes actually moves within the brain pan, causing mild to serious injury. According to the website of Joe Miller Law, Ltd, one of the most common causes of this injury is vehicular accidents.
Consequences of Concussions
While a concussion is considered the least serious of brain injuries, any injury to such a delicate structure is never good. At the very least, the victim of a concussion may lose cognitive functions temporarily. Vision may become impaired, and confusion, headaches, nausea, and dizziness are common. In some cases, the effects of a concussion may persist for weeks, impairing a person’s ability to function normally.
For young children, whose heads are proportionately larger, concussion is often more serious. Out of a million children who suffer concussion every year, about 30,000 become permanently disabled in some way.
Treatment Protocol for Concussions
In most cases, a mild to moderate concussion will resolve in a few minutes to a few days. Nevertheless, suspected concussion should be referred for medical attention and observation. If the patient loses consciousness, this is a sign of a serious concussion, and may require tests to be done such as a CT scan or MRI to look for bleeding of the brain. In some cases, hospitalization is required.
Never discount the potential problems that may arise from a concussion. Seek medical attention immediately after an accident if there is evidence of head injury. If your injury was caused by another person’s actions, you may have cause to seek compensation with the help of an experienced team of personal injury lawyers.