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What is Whiplash?

Of the unseen effects of car accidents, whiplash is among the most common. Whiplash is the term applied to injuries to the cervical vertebrae (the seven vertebrae closest to the skull in humans) that occur as a result of hyperextending the neck. It is seen most often after car accidents, but can arise from other quick, unexpected jolts to the neck as as well.

When a car is struck from behind, the resulting force pulls its passengers’ skulls back, and then snaps them forward, similar to the cracking of a whip.

whiplash injuryThe resulting damage to the neck muscles and vertebrae can be severe. Some symptoms of a whiplash injury include:

  • Stiffness in the neck
  • Shoulder and back pain
  • Difficulty chewing
  • Dizziness
  • Headaches

Whiplash injuries can sometimes lie dormant for periods of weeks or months, making it difficult to pinpoint exactly when and how they occurred. There is no single definite treatment for whiplash, but pain medications and physical therapy can be helpful.


An Update: The Unseen Effects of Car Accidents

Because of the serious potential for significant injuries, the first thought that comes to mind when considering a car accident is to wonder if anyone is physically hurt. If the accident is serious enough, after all, the likelihood of serious physical injuries, or even death, is fairly high. According to the website of Pohl & Berk, LLP, too few people consider the emotional and psychological trauma that can also result from car accidents.

Pain and suffering

This can be the basis for both actual and punitive damages in personal injury cases levied on those whose negligence or recklessness brought about the car accident. The effects of pain and suffering cannot be seen, measured, or submitted into evidence, and some of them only appear in subtle ways, or years after the event. But they can nonetheless be as real and as devastating as broken bones.

PTSD

Post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is the umbrella term used for the psychological and emotional damage one sustains in a violent or traumatic incident, such as a car accident. One of the most common PTSD symptoms is anxiety. An accident bring a person face to face with the fragility of life, and many people can’t handle losing the feeling of safety they previously had.

As a result, some find themselves unable to enter or drive a car. Others relive the accident over and over again through nightmares, affecting sleep, work, and relationships.

In accidents where one or more people died, some people experience what is known as survivor’s guilt, another form of PTSD where the patient experiences a sense of worthlessness and accountability for the lost lives.  Without proper treatment, these symptoms of PTSD can permanently impair a person’s ability to function normally. It is up to car accident attorneys to ensure that the costs associated with recuperating, coping, and treating these unseen effects of car accidents will be shouldered by the person or persons whose negligence or carelessness caused the accident in the first place.


Common Causes of Construction Accidents

Construction work has always been dangerous in nature, and which technological change has helped to reduce the number of injuries suffered by construction workers, far too many injuries do still occur.  But there’s no reason why these types of injuries cannot be reduced. While some accidents will always occur, prudent safety measures on the part of construction site owners and managers can help to keep workers safe.

Causes of Construction Accidents

While some accidents occur through no one’s fault, most construction mishaps occur due to some form of negligence, carelessness, or simply unsafe working conditions. In some instances, workers themselves fail to follow safety procedures, but strict regulations should still be upheld by supervisors and site managers. Some of the common causes of worksite accidents are:

  • Exposed stakes or rebar
  • Uncovered holes
  • Falling tools, materials, or debris
  • Unsafe climbing equipment (ladders, scaffolding, etc.)
  • Lack of fall protection (lifelines)
  • Defective tools
  • Inadequate shoring of excavation walls
  • Lifting injuries
  • Tools and other items left around the site, resulting in slip and fall accidents
  • Heavy equipment mishaps (forklifts, cranes, dump trucks, etc.)

Many of these accidents can be avoided through the use of common sense, adequate training and supervision in observing safety procedures, and the use of protective clothing. Vigilance and attention to work would also help in reducing the injury rate of construction workers, as well as claims for workers’ compensation and personal injury damages.

When Lawyers Are Needed

Construction workers are especially vulnerable to financial losses when they are injured because their occupation requires them to be in good physical condition. Even relatively minor injuries can keep construction workers from doing their jobs. These lost man-hours, not to mention medical and hospitalization costs, can spell the difference between a comfortable life and poverty.

When a worker is injured or killed due to an unsafe work environment, construction accident lawyers may be needed to protect the interests of the worker’s family.


An Update on the Dangers of GranuFlo

People who have been diagnosed with kidney failure must seek treatment or otherwise face rapidly declining health and potential death. Although one option is to get a kidney transplant, this can be very difficult to do, not to mention prohibitively expensive. As such, many people are unable to pursue this path of treatment, but instead choose dialysis as a way to better maintain their health in the face of kidney failure.

There are a number of different types of dialysis, but the most commonly used one is hemodialysis. Hemodialysis is the filtering of a person’s blood through a machine, during which the blood is treated with a variety of substances, to rid it of harmful and excess products that it can no longer filter out itself. Depending on a person’s situation, they may have a buildup of harmful acids. In this case a patient will need a substance that neutralizes these acids. Many people in this situation, therefore, had GranuFlo, a dry acid concentrate, used in their dialysis procedures. GranuFlo, a product designed by Fresenius, was designed to neutralize harmful acids by converting to bicarbonates; however, it contained too much of this substance, causing a harmful buildup of bicarbonates instead.

As a result of the excessive level of bicarbonates in a person’s system, many patients found themselves suffering from serious health and heart problems, such as the following:

Because of the serious consequences these repercussions of using GranuFlo can have and the duty to its consumers of providing a safe product that Fresenius had, many people have made the decision to pursue a GranuFlo lawsuit in an effort to hold this product manufacturer responsible and get much-needed compensation for their suffering. Currently, the company is facing a number of lawsuits, particularly from families who have lost loved ones due to their negligence.


Concussions Due to Brain Injury Can Have Serious Consequences

You often hear that as a result of an accident, the victim suffered a concussion. Few realize how serious a concussion can be because it is often depicted as something most people walk away from. A concussion can have lasting cognitive and physical consequences that often result in financial hardship.

The word concussion is derived from the Latin term “to shake violently” and usually occurs when the head is subjected to a sudden bump or blow. The brain sometimes actually moves within the brain pan, causing mild to serious injury. According to the website of Joe Miller Law, Ltd, one of the most common causes of this injury is vehicular accidents.

Consequences of Concussions

While a concussion is considered the least serious of brain injuries, any injury to such a delicate structure is never good. At the very least, the victim of a concussion may lose cognitive functions temporarily. Vision may become impaired, and confusion, headaches, nausea, and dizziness are common. In some cases, the effects of a concussion may persist for weeks, impairing a person’s ability to function normally.

For young children, whose heads are proportionately larger, concussion is often more serious. Out of a million children who suffer concussion every year, about 30,000 become permanently disabled in some way.

Treatment Protocol for Concussions

In most cases, a mild to moderate concussion will resolve in a few minutes to a few days. Nevertheless, suspected concussion should be referred for medical attention and observation. If the patient loses consciousness, this is a sign of a serious concussion, and may require tests to be done such as a CT scan or MRI to look for bleeding of the brain. In some cases, hospitalization is required.

Never discount the potential problems that may arise from a concussion. Seek medical attention immediately after an accident if there is evidence of head injury. If your injury was caused by another person’s actions, you may have cause to seek compensation with the help of an experienced team of personal injury lawyers.